Many Java programming beginners do not know the necessary basic knowledge to learn when they are new to Java language programs. This article summarizes several common development frameworks for learning the Java programming language from zero basis. I hope it will be helpful to Java novices who are just getting started.
integrated development tools (IDE): Eclipse, MyEclipse, Spring Tool Suite (STS), Intellij IDEA, NetBeans, JBuilder, JCreator
JAVA server: tomcat, jboss, websphere, weblogic, resin, jetty, apusic, apache
Load balancing: nginx, lvs
Web layer framework: Spring MVC, Struts2, Struts1, Google Web Toolkit (GWT), JQWEB
Service layer framework: Spring, EJB
Persistence layer framework: Hibernate, MyBatis, JPA, TopLink
Database: Oracle, MySql, MSSQL, Redis
Project construction: maven, ant
Continuous Integration: Jenkins
Version control: SVN, CVS, VSS, GIT
Private server: Nexus
Message components: IBM MQ, RabbitMQ, ActiveMQ, RocketMq
Logging framework: Commons Logging, log4j, slf4j, IOC
Cache framework: memcache, redis, ehcache, jboss cache
RPC framework: Hessian, Dubbo
Rule Engine: Drools
Batch processing: Spring Batch
General query framework: Query DSL
JAVA security framework: shiro, Spring Security
Static code inspection tools: FindBugs, PMD
Linux operating system: CentOS, Ubuntu, SUSE Linux,
Common tools: PLSQL Developer (Oracle), Navicat (MySql), FileZilla (FTP), Xshell (SSH), putty (SSH), SecureCRT (SSH), jd-gui (decompilation)
Although MicroProfile is not necessarily a framework, it is a specification. These projects are driven and used as the basis for previous projects. The important point is that because of the specification, the implementation can be changed directly, and we have multiple suppliers that are cooperating with implementations such as Wildfly, Payara, TomEE, etc.
Spring MVC is a follow-up product of Spring FrameWork and has been integrated into Spring Web Flow. The Spring framework provides a full-featured MVC module for building web applications. Spring can be plugged into the MVC architecture, so when using Spring for web development, you can Choose to use Spring's Spring MVC framework or integrate other MVC development frameworks, such as Struts1, Struts2, etc.
Struts2 takes the excellent design ideas of WebWork as the core, absorbs some of the advantages of the Struts framework, and provides a more neat MVC design pattern implementation of the Web application framework.
Hibernate is an ORM framework that establishes a certain mapping between Java objects and relational databases to achieve direct access to Java objects (POJO). ORM framework is another kind of thinking framework different from MVC, and its scope of application is also completely different from MVC.
Using JDBC connections to read and write databases, the most common of us is to open database connections, use complex SQL statements to read and write, and close connections. The obtained data needs to be converted or encapsulated before being transmitted. This is a very cumbersome process. At this time, the Hibernate framework appeared. It requires you to create a series of persistent classes. The properties of each class can be simply regarded as one-to-one correspondence with the properties of a database table. Of course, various tables of relational databases can also be realized. Correspondence of file association. When we need related operations, we no longer need to pay attention to database tables. We don't need to query the database line by line, only the persistent class can complete the addition, deletion, modification, and query function. Make our software development truly object-oriented, rather than chaotic code oriented.
MyBatis was originally an open source project iBatis of apache. In 2010, this project was migrated from apache software foundation to google code and was renamed MyBatis.
The term iBATIS comes from the combination of "internet" and "abatis" and is a Java-based persistence layer framework. The persistence layer framework provided by iBATIS includes SQL Maps and Data Access Objects (DAOs).
JSF can be said to be the closest to Java among all Java frameworks, because it and Java are both Oracle's direct line forces.
JSF may not be the best Java framework, but due to Oracle's blessing, JSF's documentation is the most comprehensive and easiest to find. In addition, since JSF has been formatted as a part of JavaEE through JCP, you can use JSF without barriers as long as you install J2EE.
Complex functions can also be implemented with a large number of tools and libraries provided by JSF. With JSP (Java Server Pages), JSF can also support different Facelets and XUL technologies.
SpringBoot framework is called a one-stack solution. Relatively lightweight, it is also the current trend of microservices; SpringBoot itself is built on top of Spring. Needless to say, various ideas and features need not be said. It removes the cumbersome configuration of Spring, simplifies the original Spring development process, and provides a variety of Practical features such as metric, actuctor, etc.;
The most important thing is that SpringBoot comes with the entire SpringCloud ecosystem. The two frameworks are no problem for you to solve large, medium and small projects.
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